for complicated eaters

THE BIG 8 ALLERGENS

Cow’s Milk/ Dairy

Having a dairy allergy is more common in children than in adults. Around 2.5% of children who are under three years old have it but may likely outgrow it. 0.2-0.4% of the general population also has it. 

 

Some kinds of food that contain milk or dairy products include but are not limited to yogurt, ice cream, cheese, butter, and various processed foods.

 

Cow’s milk/dairy allergy is different from lactose intolerance.

 

Eggs (Yolks and/or Whites)

Around 2% of children and 0.2-0.4% of adults are allergic to eggs. Reactions to egg allergies can be mild, but it can also be severe. People with this allergy should strictly avoid eating eggs or food with egg products.

 

Baked goods, pasta, and mayonnaise are only some of the kinds of food that have eggs. Make sure to know the ingredients of what you’ll be eating.

 

Tree Nuts

Not to be confused with peanuts, tree nuts can be walnuts, almonds, pine nuts, cashews, and more. About 0.4-0.5% of the general population has this allergy. Studies show that 9% of children who have tree nuts allergy will outgrow it.

 

Those who have this allergy should avoid baked goods that may contain tree nuts, candies, nut butters, and other tree nuts.

 

Peanuts

Peanut allergy, one of the most common food allergies, is usually associated with anaphylaxis, a fatal allergic reaction that needs immediate treatment. This allergy is found in around 0.6-1.3% of the population. 

 

Avoid food that may contain peanuts such as but not limited to processed food, peanut butter, peanut sauce, and baked goods.

 

Shellfish/ Crustaceans

Different from having an allergic reaction to fish, people with shellfish allergy react to crustacean shellfishes such as prawns, shrimps, crab, lobster, and food that may contain it such as artificial crab stick.

 

Most people with shellfish allergy experience it the first time during adulthood.

 

Wheat

Getting rashes, hives, stuffy or runny nose, stomachache, or diarrhea after eating pasta or bread may mean having a wheat allergy. Wheat allergy affects 0.5% of the general population.

 

Soy

If you have a soy allergy, it is best to avoid common food that may contain it, such as artificial flavorings, tofu, soy milk, soy sauce, and processed meats.

 

0.7% of the general population is affected by this allergy.

 

Fish

Having a fish allergy can be tricky. You can be allergic to one kind but not to another. Just like the shellfish allergy, 40% of people with fish allergy usually experience it during adulthood.

 

0.4% of the general population has fish allergy.

 

Other allergens included in Canada and European Allergy Commissions

Sesame Seeds

Sesame seeds allergy may not be as well-known as its peanut counterpart, but it can also cause anaphylaxis. Avoid sesame seeds and sesame oil, and make sure that these are not part of the ingredients of what you are about to eat.

 

Latex Cross-Reactive Food 

People with latex allergy may have an allergy to latex cross-reactive food since some food also has proteins that are like those in the sap of the rubber tree. Examples of latex reactive food are:

  • Apple
  • Avocado
  • Banana
  • Carrot
  • Celery
  • Kiwi
  • Papaya
  • Strawberries
  • Tomatoes

 

Other less common allergens

Linseed

Having an allergic reaction to linseed or flaxseed can be quite rare. Linseed comes from a common flax plant. The fiber of this plant is used to make linen.

 

Passion Fruit

Passion fruit is a tropical fruit that can be found in North and South America, Europe, Asia, and Australia. People with latex allergy are more at risk of having an allergic reaction to passion fruits.

 

Garlic

While garlic is popular for its health benefits and its flavor, it poses a risk to people with garlic allergy. A person can feel its symptoms immediately or after a few hours.

 

Aniseed

Anise or aniseed is a kind of spice that can cause allergy. Adults usually have aniseed allergy.

 

Chamomile

Some people experience a mild allergic reaction to chamomile tea, like breaking out in hives or having an itchy mouth or throat. People allergic to some flowers like daisies, chrysanthemums, or ragweed are more likely allergic to chamomile as well.

 

Mushrooms

The following may be experienced if a person has a mushroom allergy: headaches, hives, rashes, diarrhea, shortness of breath, or gastrointestinal symptoms.

 

Food Dyes

Food dyes can also cause an allergic reaction, especially Red #4 or Carmine, Yellow #5 or Tartrazine, and Annatto. To diagnose a food coloring allergy, the person must undergo provocation allergy testing or food challenge in a clinical setting.

 

Honey

Individuals with severe allergies to some pollen may experience reactions when honey has been contaminated by pollen, most commonly when honey is raw, unfiltered, or direct farm-to-consumer.

 

Most common pollen that contaminates depends on the location of the hives and can be from:

  • Buckwheat
  • Tulip Bulb Food
  • Sunflowers
  • Eucalyptus
  • Willow
  • Oak
  • Hackberry

 

 

References:

https://www.perfectlyfree.com/what-are-the-big-8-allergens/ 

https://acaai.org/allergies 

https://www.foodallergy.org/living-food-allergies/food-allergy-essentials/common-allergens 

http://schoolnutrition.org/learning-center/food-allergy/the-big-8/ 

http://www.allergy.org.nz/A-Z+Allergies/Food+allergy/Seed+allergy.html 

https://www.bbcgoodfood.com/glossary/linseed-also-flaxseed 

http://www.amazingandatopic.com/2013/05/flax-seed-allergy.html 

https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/ 

https://foodallergytest.co.uk/product/anise-aniseed-allergy-test/ 

https://www.livestrong.com/article/514715-can-you-have-allergic-itching-from-chamomile-tea/ 

https://www.healthlabs.com/mushroom-allergy-testing 

https://www.nyallergy.com/food-coloring-allergy 



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